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Applications of biogeography


    Biogeography has had a very important role to play in the development of our understanding of biology. For example it was biogeography that was the key to developing the theory of the evolution of life. 




Today, not only does biogeographical research have important applications in a world of rapidly increasing human population densities and diminishing resources, it has crucial applications for conservation and sustainable use of many levels of biological diversity. If we are to make the best uses of limited resources for conservation we must know much more about the geography and ecology of the many kinds of biological diversity. Some questions in biogeography may seem rather academic. 

For example, why are certain species and certain groups of organisms foundinrid scale? localities and nowhere else? What has caused these patterns on a world Why is it that for many groups of organisms there are fewer and fewer species in the north and in the south compared to the tropical regions? Why is it that in some regions there are few species but the abundance of some individual species is very high? Answers to these questions help us to understand the processes and interactions that have resulted in present distribution patterns and the mechanism by which they are currently maintained. In turn, that information can be used to help to reduce human impact on the environment and can help us to use the environment in a sustainable manner. 

We cannot make good decisions about the conservation of nature if we do not know what is there and where it is. Therefore many questions in biogeography are crucial for conservation. For example, what is the location and distribution of species throughout the world  on land, in the water and in the sea? Where are the highest levels of species richness? Where are the different levels of biological diversity to be found? Where do you find the highest levels of biological diversity? Biogeography has important applications, particularly because of the huge gaps in our knowledge and because of the increasing rate at which so many levels of biological diversity are being damaged and lost. 

We cannot make good decisions about the conseercation of nature if we do not know what is there and where it is. 
Therefore many questions in and distribution of species throughout the world on land, in the water and in the sea ?
Where are the highest levels of species richness?
 Where are the diffrent levels of biological diversity to be found? 
Where do you find and in the sea? 
Where are the highest levels of species richness? 
Where are the different levels of biological diversity the highest levels of biological diversity? 

Biogeography has important applications, particularly because of the huge gaps in our knowledge and because of the increasing rate at which so many levels of biological diversity are being damaged and lost . 

Conservation of wildlife and habitats is achieved in part by the establish-ment of various kinds of protected area such as nature reserves on land, in rivers and lakes and in the sea. Where should nature reserves be located and why? 

How large should they be? How should they be managed? Should protected areas be buffered from perturbations arising from land use activities around the protected areas? Biogeography has played a major role in answer-ing these questions . Biogeography also has a part to play in assessing possible impacts on the environment that might be caused by new developments in land use. Deter-mining the likely effects of major projects on the natural environment (land, water or sea) by way of the formalised procedure of an Environmental Impact Assessment has become a statutory requirement in many countries through-out the world. 


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